In accordance with the national strategy for the ecological transition to sustainable development, 72 indicators were selected, including 39 key indicators, in order to report on the progress and progress achieved simultaneously in the field of ecology, economy and human. This document presents the situation with monitoring indicators in 2016 using a panel of 39 indicators (based on the latest values available in the summer of 2016), to which an international perspective is added. In addition to this analysis, based on 39 key indicators of the scoreboard, this document also presents the situation with 33 additional indicators.
All 72 indicators updated at the end of 2016 are presented in the form of registration cards. The state of the game presented here allows us to characterize the situation with the strategy in 2016, a year after its launch. Reading all the indicators offers a contrasting view of the situation. Some good practices are being developed, in particular with regard to reducing inequality, transforming economic activity, knowledge and innovation, training or raising awareness, mobilizing actors and developing sustainable and sustainable territories.
The situation is somewhat more subtle for adherence to a circular and low-carbon economy, the invention of new economic and financial models, and the promotion of sustainable development at the international level. On the other hand, the situation is ambiguous with respect to the main environmental issues outlined in the strategy: climate change, accelerated loss of biodiversity, lack of resources and increased environmental health risks.
Proposals for action by realtors Land Institute of Illinois, expressed in the main areas of the national strategy, are aimed at providing answers to improve the environmental situation on these issues. Six out of nine outlets are developing in favor of an ecological transition to sustainable development. The situation is developing along the axes No. 1 (development of sustainable and sustainable territories), No. 3 (reducing inequality), No. 5 (changing economic activity), No. 6 (knowledge and innovation), No. 7 (training or sensitization) and 8 (mobilization).
In particular, we observe an increase in life expectancy at birth in the long run, an increase in the added value of eco-activity in gross domestic product (GDP), an increase in the number of agendas 21, and an increase in the level of qualification of youth. Three of the nine axles are in a mixed position. The situation has a nuance for the axis number 2 (commitment to the economic cycle and low carbon content). Indeed, although final energy consumption has been steadily declining since the early 2000s, the decline is not fast enough, given the fixed goal of a 50% reduction compared to 2012.
As for axis 4 (inventing new economic and financial models), there has been a sharp increase in socially responsible investment funds and stable bonds and an improvement since 2009 regarding the share of environmental tax revenues in tax deductions. (after its decline from 2002 to 2008).
No. 9 (promoting sustainable development abroad) is also in a mixed situation. The share of official development assistance in gross national income has been declining since 2010 and below the commitments made to the United Nations for 2015.
Accredited land consultant, comparing the results for indicators of the national strategy with the results of other countries was desirable using indicators of specialized commissions, when the availability of relevant indicators at the international level allows this. The main points of this comparison, for several indicators, are presented in this section.
Climate disturbances have a direct impact on the number and intensity of natural disasters, such as floods, storms, land movements, which cause significant damage to property and people. France is especially concerned because it is the country in Europe where the number of natural disasters is highest, with 144 very serious disasters between 1900 and 2015, but this is the average for Europe in relation to its population and its region. It is followed by Italy (134 natural disasters), where two countries account for almost a quarter of natural disasters in Europe.