The actors of an expensive loan are the same as the participants in a free loan or land lease. They are ordinary land owners, on the one hand, and friends and foreigners (administrators, new entrepreneurs), on the other. But unlike a free loan, an expensive loan is a synagogue agreement and depends on the conditions, royalties. Counterparties vary from one region to another and are never made in cash. Most often these are seasonal workers who remain only in the rainy season.
Such agreements are oral or not concluded between the parties in the presence of witnesses who establish the conditions and consequences of the contract. In these oral agreements, the borrower provides the tenant of the landowner with several days of work at a specific time — cultivation, storage of crops or harvesting — or several hours of work during the rainy season. Like a free loan, a loan is burdensome for a fixed or indefinite period in compliance with the principles of renewal in case of transfer of land in connection with the death of one of the parties to the report.
If the lender retains its prerogatives on the leased land, the borrower has complete freedom of action on the ground, except that he can neither plant trees nor dig wells. The borrower also has no right to transfer land to a third party without the permission of the land owner, since the transfer of land is a legal act that can only be performed by the landowner. As Traore aptly put it, the word “contract” was used for lack of a better term.
Although these operations are similar to the contract because of the will agreements giving rise to rights to bonds on both sides, these types of operations, in the case of the cotton pool, are designed much more in accordance with land distribution and the reproduction of social and land relations. In these societies, the benefits of social relations are always considered before material or material profit, despite the impact of foreign exchange.
Like leased loans, leasing is a form of giving land to a person. Although an expensive loan is designed to invest in land and make a profit, it is unlikely to create a capitalist market situation based on land, leasing is a method of land distribution and social relations. Both are sociable forms of attitude towards the earth. As part of the interaction between different participants, we observe two types of land lease events.
Transitional and development land. This loan is provided in the form of a contract and is a form of buying up shares or farming. Site selection and assemblage of land parcels is a contract under which the land owner (lessor) leases it for a certain period of time to the lessee, who agrees to develop it subject to the transfer of products to the lessor. The owner brings land capital, he also contributes part of the operating capital and is involved in the management of the operation. He brings labor and owns part of the working capital. He is also involved in managing the operation. Revenues are distributed in accordance with a certain agreed quota. It is a form of land transaction less practiced in the municipality of Blah. The form of separation of shares existing in this commune is somewhat different from the description we just made. With this form of equity, the landowner is not involved in farm management. His contribution is limited to the contribution of land. He uses the land alone to reward in kind (usually two bags of grain per hectare).
Illinois Farm and Land Chapter of the Realtors Land Institute. Rent, temporary occupation of land by the tenant for a certain period on account of the payment of a sum of money is rarely found in the central municipality. Usually it is disguised as a loan because the actors refuse to recognize it as a form of monetized transaction. We argue that monetizing transactions is contrary to the habits and customs of the area.
As a rule, tenants are government employees and traders whom the locals consider rich. The first lease appeared in the municipality. According to our results, young land heirs are more likely to rent their land than older people. This behavior illustrates the progressive assertion of capitalist individualistic ideas in rural areas.
Over time, as we saw, it was enough for a migrant to offer a stake of nuts to the land owner every year in order to retain his right to use. Money is gradually replacing. Another form of rent in the area is that the tenant instead pays taxes to the landlord or plows his field in exchange for operating the field.